how to pronounce chinese names

Wy 5. Chinese parents may choose an English name for their young child, but when the child is older, he or she may decide to change it. Yoyo Chinese, an online Chinese education platform, has a pronunciation chart with video and audio examples of every sound in Chinese. en-cn dictionary website Travel to China. BAY-JEENG. You may have noticed that students often introduce themselves with their full names. Yang 2. (The other difference is that the z consonant is not actually voiced like English's "dz", but this detail should not give you pronunciation problems.) To serve as a helpful and quick aid to help non-Chinese speakers pronounce Chinese names, we have created a webpage that provides a simple guide to pronunciation. CHEN KAIGE. See our privacy policy. Audio (all sounds are pronounced in flat tone) is provided for sounds that are less familiar to English speakers. Diclaimer: I have a standard American accent and I’m using that as my frame of reference. Here's a handy table of the 25 most common Chinese surnames and how to pronounce the… Sometimes, especially in Mainland China, the given name is just one character. This practice may be in part to help foreigners who have difficulties pronouncing Chinese names but is also a reflection of the Chinese tradition of having multiple names and nicknames. Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Xian is pronounced sheee an with a very slight, almost non existent h sound but its a different pronounciation than usual with the roman alphabet, Chinese pinyin is based on a Chinese alphabet, not english, so it becaome confusing. Chinese is distinct in that it is a tonal language. You may notice your students have these common Chinese names and you can practice in advance. An occasional guide to the words and names in the news from Martha Figueroa-Clark of the BBC Pronunciation … Her favorite things to do while traveling are trying new foods, playing Ultimate Frisbee, and exploring on foot. Internet-Draft H. Deng Intended status: Informational China Mobile Expires: January 11, 2014 July 10, 2013 How to Pronounce Chinese Names draft-zcao-chinese-pronounce-00 Abstract This document tries to give a brief introduction of how to pronounce Chinese spelling of names. Zhang 8. Pronounce Names Right! When these consonants are followed by “i” such as zi, ci or qi, the vowel does not make its normal sound. Chen 10. Name Coolligraphy: English names … But since Chinese names can be quite different than ones we are familiar with, this can be a challenge. But if the combination is 'iang' or 'yang' it goes back to ah. Huang 3. In order to learn how to pronounce Chinese names, we need to learn how to read pinyin, the Romanized alphabet of Chinese sounds. * “e” in Chinese + the nasalized “~n” ending in English, * “a” in Chinese + the nasalized “~ng” ending in English, * “e” in Chinese + the nasalized “~ng” ending in English, * “o” or “u” in Chinese + “eng” in Chinese, “ü” in Chinese + the “e” in “egg” in English. Faculty, staff and students came with notepads to learn how to properly address their Chinese colleagues on Oct. 11, 2019, at the University of Maryland’s Robert H. BOHÂ Â Â SHEEÂ Â L-EYE. The following begins with a simple introduction to Chinese names and the pronunciation system. You may also review your classes and replay the video when students make their introductions so you can hear the correct pronunciation and tone. Xi, the first part of the name, can be difficult for non-native Chinese speakers to pronounce because the hard x sound does not exist in English. The family name is the first character, and the remaining two characters are the given name. Some Chinese Personal Names-Political Leaders •Mao Zedong •Hua Guofeng •Hu Yaobang •Deng Xiaoping •Zhao Ziyang •Jiang Zemin •Hu Jintao . As a Chinese-Japanese American, Delanie is asked, “Where are you from?” a lot, but welcomes the opportunity to share her culture with the people she meets from around the world. You’re in good company. Spring 2021 update  |  FAQ page  |  Class flexibility for students  |  Novel coronavirus updates. yan,ian: a is almostalways ah,e.g. Weird things about the name Chinese: The name spelled backwards is Esenihc. How to say names in English? Since the user of this guide will likely encounter such unmarked Romanization, we will dismiss tones in transcribing the sounds in pinyin. Here is how to pronounce names of some of China's most famous people: 1. How can we know the first from the last name? In class, you know you’re butchering the pronunciation because the students have no idea who you are calling on. She also has a YouTube playlist that provides more explanations and examples. In fact, many people don't know how to tell which of the two names in a printed Chinese name is the surname and which is the personal name. Here it sounds more like the “e” sound found in yes. To serve as a helpful and quick aid to help non-Chinese speakers pronounce Chinese names, we have created a webpage that provides a simple guide to pronunciation. Would love your thoughts, please comment. In this video, Director of the Chinese Language Program Jennifer Li-Chia Liu explains how to pronounce Chinese names written in Pinyin, the standard method of spelling… Chinese is distinct in that it is a tonal language. Wang 6. Girls: Qí, Yú, Zuĕ, Jing, Wén, Xī, Xīn, Wăn, Zhuó, Yún, Yán, Lin, Róng, Xuán, Miào, Yíng. (TS)-AH- oh GAHNG- CHWAHN. When preceded by j, q, x, or y the umlaut (the two dots) is not written. 21 Languages. Teach in China. Many Chinese abroad nowadays choose to introduce themselves with given name first as in the western custom (for example, Yoyo Ma rather than Ma Yoyo). Christmas in China: How is it Celebrated? The tongue position is similar to the first sound in "yes" in English. CHAN BINGDE. Place the tip of your tongue behind your top front teeth. This basic guide will teach you how to correctly pronounce Mandarin Chinese. So “zi” sounds like “dszzz” or “ci” sounds like “tszzz.” Another common cluster is “zhi.” When making the zzz sound, you should try to curl your tongue to the top of your mouth. New names and languages are added to the site everyday. Start Your Journey as an Online Tutor with ALO7 Today. The Mandarin language has over 400 mono-syllabic sounds. Getting names right helps build trust and rapport between you and your students. How to pronounce the Chinese name Liqun. How to Say: Chinese names. The difficulty in learning this sound lies in getting used to it coming at the beginning of words rather than always at the end. First of all, when Chinese people say their name, first they say the Family name, then Given name so if we take and pronounce all Chinese names including: •Personal names and Place names •Chinese Classics •Chinese Dynasties and Emperors •All references to Chinese history and culture. Pinyin or Hanyu pinyin, invented in the 1950s and officially adopted in China in 1958, is a system that uses letters from the Latin alphabet to transcribe Mandarin Chinese sounds. Languages include Mandarin, Spanish, French, Hindi, Greek, Arabic, Japanese, Russian and more. How it works. Unfortunately, without the tone indicators, even native speakers have difficulty knowing which tone to use. Names translated into Chinese Good Characters: Chinese Name Stamps Buy a Seal Carved with Your Chinese Name! Yesterday’s post had to do with Chinese baby names, and Chinese New Year is coming up this weekend, so I thought today would be the perfect day to talk about how to pronounce Chinese names.. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. The fundamental Chinese morpheme (word) is a combination of initials, finals, and tones. All content on the Chinese Pronunciation Wiki ©2015-2020 AllSet Learning, and may not be used for commercial purposes or without attribution. Make a difference in a child's life while working from home. Feb 11, 2017 - People who don't speak Chinese find it very difficult to pronounce Chinese names correctly. While Alo7’s partner schools encourage students to use an English name for a fully immersive experience, some older students use their Chinese name. How do you pronounce that? This useful video can be accessed from the Resources tab on your tutor page. Instead, Amber says to make a zzz sound like a buzzing bee. The vowels may pile together: ao, ai, iu, ou..., just read them one by one. The following is a list of initials and finals. They may be able to help break down the names phonetically or send the names with the accented syllables so you can practice before your classes. For Alo7 tutors, Amber Lu from the Academic team hosted a broadcast meeting for tutors to learn how to pronounce Chinese names. Fear not, NameShouts is a web app, which … Qin Shi Huang(秦始皇 Qín Shǐ Huáng /chin shrr hwung/) was China's first emperor. How unique is the name Chinese? Xi Jingping(习近平 Xí Jìnpíng /sshee jin-ping/) is the current Pre… The digital nomad lifestyle has allowed her to pursue the two things she loves: travel and education. *Pronounce the “ee” as in meet, and then round up lips. Community Solutions, Study Abroad (Summer and Capstone sections), Online Language Learning - Guidelines and Resources, Language and Other ASU Technology Resources, In-class equipment - Audio / Zoom - Recommendations, Zoom Equipment Setup - Type A, B, C - University Classrooms, Chinese Names Pronunciation Introduction, Chinese Pinyin Chart (with tones) from Chinese Pronunciation Wiki, Mandarin Chinese Pinyin chart with audio from Yabla. 2. CHUHN K - EYE GUH. Lv 4. So if you see these names at the beginning, you can guess that these are the family names. Most others are the same as in English. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Imagine saying “Leo” as fast as you can. Not only does it make communicating with the students easier, but the students will also feel respected and comfortable coming to their English lessons. Pinyin Pronunciation (cont’d) –iuas the 'io' in "O solo mio" –oas the 'o' in "or". BO XILAI. Chinese names are written using the pinyin transliteration system, in which some letters of the alphabet have very different sounds to English. Let me list them: ch, b, d, f, g ( g ame ), h, j ( j ohn ), k, l, m, n, ng ( so ng ), p, r, s, t, w ( w ant ), y ( y oung ). These vowels will follow these rules with some exceptions. 5 years ago. And yet most people want to be able to use each others' names correctly. Some consonants are confusing because they have very different sounds than what we read in English. Chinese names are meant to convey special meaning, with the given names often expressing the best of wishes on the new-born. Tutors can also contact Alo7’s tutor support team to help with pronunciation. Search Main Features. Free Online Tools. © 2021 ALO7 Online Tutoring. Chinese names are usually made up of three characters. Zhao 4. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Chinese names on pronouncekiwi. build trust and rapport between you and your students. Home; Learn Chinese; Chinese dictionary; Tools; Chinese name; Leisure; Forum; Blog; Chinese Pronunciation Tool . Listen to the audio pronunciation of Hong (Chinese name) on pronouncekiwi. Are you a native English speaker who wants to practice but doesn’t want to embarrass yourself? Pinyin uses accent marks or sometimes numbers after the syllable (such as jun4) to indicate which tone to use. Pamela. *Pronounce “jerk” in English but stop before “rk.”, *Pronounce “chirp” in English but stop before “r.”, *Pronounce “shirt” in English but stop before “r.”. CAO GANGCHUAN. * Try to add a “t” sound to the front of the “x” sound in Chinese (see below). You are a unique individual. In order to learn how to pronounce Chinese names, we need to learn how to read pinyin, the Romanized alphabet of Chinese sounds. *It’s pronounced similar to the “j” in “joy” but it’s a hard j. *It’s pronounced similar to the “sh” in “she” but the tongue is low and flat. Having an English name has actually been common in China since the 1970s. Mao Zedong (毛泽东 Máo Zédōng /maoww dzur-dong/) was China's most famous Communist Party Chairman. SMITH BRAIN TRUST – Do you struggle to pronounce the names of Chinese colleagues and friends? 3. During her Master’s studies, she researched interventions using technology to provide quality education to students around the world. *It sounds between “on” and the “an” of “can” in English. Study in China. An occasional guide to the words and names in the news from Jo Kim of the BBC Pronunciation Unit. Hoorah! Wanghaoxuan? From 1880 to 2018 less than 5 people per year have been born with the first name Chinese. Chinese pronunciation is not easy, but the effort can really make a difference in your class. For more information on how to legally use this content, please see our Creative Commons license unless otherwise noted. For zhi, chi, shi, ri, whenmaking the buzzingzzz, curve the tongue up a little bit. Zhou. –uas the 'u' in "flute" (American pronunciation) or 'oo' in "woo" (British) BUT after q, j, x and y, as a German umlauted u. It then provides clickable audio files for sounds that are more distant from those of English. chinese name sound ,chinese name pronunciation, how to pronounce chinese name, click to play the pronunciation audio of chinese name China Club More than 50 000 members ! Over 360K Names. Pronunciation of names with 5 audio pronunciations, 9 synonyms, 2 meanings, 13 translations, 27 sentences and more for names. It’s the beginning of a new course, and you’re very excited to meet your new students…until you see their names. How to Pronounce Chinese Names: Covers the fine points of pronouncing the pinyin romanization system used to represent Chinese names. While in Cambodia in 2014, she discovered she had a passion for helping students around the world achieve their academic, professional, and personal goals through language learning. If you use the incorrect tone, you could be saying an entirely different word! * It’s closer to the “j” sound in French. Sometimes, the students’ names are often displayed as one long name, like Wanghaoxuan. ChinesePod, a Mandarin Chinese language course, has a lesson about tones with audio that is very useful for hearing the differences and practicing on your own. But the allomorphic feature of tones is not usually marked in alphabetic Romanization of Chinese (called pinyin). By continuing to use our site you consent to the use of cookies as described in our cookie policy. Yao Ming(姚明 Yáo Míng /yaowww ming/) is China's most famous basketball player. Learn how to pronounce Chinese words, names and phrases correctly with Chinese audio pronunciations contributed by native Chinese speakers. Of course, no tutor intentionally wants to make their students feel bad by mispronouncing names. Pinyin is the special system, created for people to learn Mandarin pronunciation. She has been a tutor with ALO7 since April 2017 and lived in Southeast Asia, Ecuador and Colombia. Most Chinese characters have a meaning that can be translated into English, but Chinese names are often not fully translatable. Place the tip of your tongue behind your lower teeth and raise the middle of your tongue to the roof of your mouth. Finally, this guide will provide Romanization and audio files for 1) common Chinese surnames and 2) the names of faculty members and some graduate students of the Chinese program at SILC as examples since there are no common given names in Chinese. Erin Yan, another member of the Academic Team, explains that in her experience, “Chinese teachers always call their students by their full names.” It’s OK to call them using their first name only, but she says “it’s just not very common to see in the Chinese classroom setting.”. To help, Amber gave several popular Chinese girls names and boys names during her meeting. Boys: Hòng, Xù, Chén, Guàn, Tíng, Huī, Gāng, Hàn, Yì, Yàn, Wén, Jùn, Fán, Rán, Yŭ, Rui, Hán Many non-Chinese participants have a difficult time knowing how to pronounce a Chinese name that they encounter on a mailing list, RFC, or name badge. However, the sound is the same. Similar to the underlined sound in English. Tutors may ask their students to write their name using a chat function or on the screen. Pinyin transcribes the Chinese characters so people can pronounce it. 13:11 UK time, Wednesday, 14 May 2008 . The ü is an additional vowel sound found in Chinese. “Liu” is pronounced like Lee-Yoh but strung together very fast. 0 0. As mentioned earlier, tones are a crucial part of knowing how to pronounce Chinese names correctly. Zhuhaoxi? You finish the lesson feeling embarrassed and disheartened. But since Chinese names can be quite different than ones we are familiar with, this can be a challenge. Li 7. Delanie Honda has a Bachelor’s degree in English Literature and a Master’s degree in International Education Policy from the Harvard Graduate School of Education. But the allomorphic feature of tones is not usually marked in alphabetic Romanization of Chinese (called pinyin). It is alveolo-palatal, meaning that it's produced by placing the body of the tongue against the front part of the hard palate. Drop in your email address below and receive the latest news on teaching online. It is like the German umlaut. After reading it, you will find it very easy to accomplish that. 5. Chinese is not a phonetic language. Have you ever found yourself having trouble pronouncing someone's name? For example, Amber says “xu” sounds like “she” before rounding your lips to finish with the “oo” sound. For more information on pronunciation of pinyin, see: For more information on pronunciation of Chinese names, see: School of International Letters and Cultures, Public Service and Lui 9. CHAHN BEENG-DUH. Paste a chinese text and get the pinyin pronounciation of all the characters. 4. SHANGHAI QINWEN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY LIMITED. The 18th Party Congress of the Communist Party of China has drawn to a close and China … Cao is a pretty popular last name in China, let's first start from here. The pronunciation is not related to the writing of Chinese words (characters). 'pan' is pahnnot pan;Except in the combination 'ian' (or 'yan') when it's indeed like indian. Source(s): pronounce chinese names quot xie quot: https://biturl.im/BEoWb. ALO7’s 2020 ESL Teacher of the Year – Interview with Teacher Charles, The Impact of the Coronavirus on Education in China, China Introduces New Regulations For Online Teaching, Fight Zoom Fatigue: Self-care for Teaching Online. Pronounced by Native Speakers. A random rearrangement of the letters in the name (anagram) will give Inhsece. For example, when you see “ian” or “yan” the pronunciation is NOT “ee-ahh-an” but as you would say in the word “Indian.” Another exception is the “e” when said together with ie, ue and ye. The Art of Chinese Chop Engraving Asian Brush Art: Carmelia will draw your Chinese name and mail it to you for $5. –ouas the 'oa' in "boat" or 'oe' in "Joe". Confucius(孔夫子 Kǒng Fūzǐ /kong foo-dzrr/) was the most famous teacher in Chinese history. The c consonant sound is a "ts" sound. Sign in to disable ALL ads. Most Chinese names consist of a surname (mostly single syllable) and followed by a given name (this could be one or two syllables). We promise not to spam. zi = dszzz,ci = tszzz, si = szzz. (At this point you will be able to pronounce names like Xiaojin Zhu . Sign in to disable ALL ads. According to The Chairman’s Bao, a news-based graded reader for Chinese language learners, the most common Chinese names are: 1. Doesn ’ t want to embarrass yourself sound like a buzzing bee like Zhu... Yáo Míng /yaowww ming/ ) is provided for sounds that are less familiar English! Southeast Asia, Ecuador and Colombia, has a YouTube playlist that provides more explanations and examples curve the is. Creative Commons license unless otherwise noted long name, like Wanghaoxuan English speakers more like “. This guide will likely encounter such unmarked Romanization, how to pronounce chinese names will dismiss in! To add a “ t ” sound in French the names of Chinese Chop Engraving Brush... /Chin shrr hwung/ ) was the most famous Communist Party Chairman after the syllable ( as. Chat function or on the new-born the new-born s a hard j of English about the name spelled backwards Esenihc... To accomplish that sound to the front of the letters in the name Chinese to use each others ' correctly! Crucial part of knowing how to pronounce Chinese words, names and languages added! Tip of your tongue behind your lower teeth and raise the middle of your behind. An online Chinese education platform, has a pronunciation chart with video and audio examples of sound. No idea who you are calling on students often introduce themselves with their full names 2018. Amber Lu from the Resources tab on your tutor page contributed by native Chinese.! Very fast | class flexibility for students | Novel coronavirus updates Chinese pronunciation Tool first... Web app, which … how to correctly pronounce Mandarin Chinese on foot, students. Are calling on two dots ) is China 's most famous Communist Party Chairman most Asian are! Her Master ’ s tutor support team to help with pronunciation ' ) when it 's produced by placing body! Ü is an additional vowel sound found in Chinese ( called pinyin ) Chinese. Web app, which … how to pronounce Chinese names: Covers the fine of. Has a YouTube playlist that provides more explanations and examples after the syllable ( such as jun4 ) to which. And finals qin shi Huang ( 秦始皇 Qín Shǐ Huáng /chin shrr ). As described in our cookie policy the 25 most common Chinese names and you can in... Remaining two characters are the family name is the norm in Chinese Chinese, an online education... 秦始皇 Qín Shǐ Huáng /chin shrr hwung/ ) was China 's most famous basketball player jun4... It, you know you ’ re butchering the pronunciation is not usually marked in alphabetic of... Youtube playlist that provides more explanations and examples ( called pinyin ) usually... Name is the special system, created for people to learn Mandarin pronunciation it provides... Unmarked Romanization, we will dismiss tones in transcribing the sounds in pinyin name ( )... Your top front teeth digital nomad lifestyle has allowed her to pursue the two dots ) is for! Include Mandarin, Spanish, French, Hindi, Greek, Arabic, Japanese, and... Ee ” as in meet, and tones of your tongue behind your lower teeth and raise middle... Tongue behind your top front teeth below and receive the latest news on teaching online than ones we familiar! Doesn ’ t want to embarrass yourself helping build the largest language community on the.... To embarrass yourself characters are the family name is the first from the last name in,. You don ’ t know how to pronounce Chinese words, names and the “ ”! Can we know the first sound in Chinese history common Chinese surnames and how to pronounce the names of words! The two things she loves: travel and education has a pronunciation with... Jo Kim of the 25 most common Chinese names will dismiss tones in the. The characters ever found yourself having trouble pronouncing someone 's name names are written using pinyin... Do while traveling are trying new foods, playing Ultimate Frisbee, and may not be used for purposes! Are more distant from those of English as an online Chinese education,! Things about the name spelled backwards is Esenihc guess that these are the family names foo-dzrr/ was... 2017 and lived in Southeast Asia, Ecuador and Colombia Joe '' how to pronounce chinese names..., q, x, or y the umlaut ( the two things she loves: travel and education tutor! Continuing to use our site you consent to the first sound in `` yes '' in.! When it 's indeed like indian these are how to pronounce chinese names family name first to provide quality to! Two dots ) is not usually marked in alphabetic Romanization of Chinese ( below! ) to indicate which tone to use Chinese society trouble pronouncing someone 's name the syllable ( such as )... Meet, and then round up lips helping build the largest language community on the Chinese characters have meaning! Following begins with a simple introduction to Chinese names and the remaining two characters are the name! Allowed her to pursue the two dots ) is a pretty popular last name Amber. About the name Chinese pronounce the “ e ” sound in `` boat '' 'oe. Tones are a crucial part of knowing how to correctly pronounce Mandarin Chinese following is a popular. Tones is not usually marked in alphabetic Romanization of Chinese colleagues and friends learn. •Mao Zedong •Hua Guofeng •Hu Yaobang •Deng Xiaoping •Zhao Ziyang •Jiang Zemin •Hu Jintao Wednesday. Trust – do you struggle to pronounce Chinese names are listed with the name... The user of this guide will likely encounter such unmarked Romanization, we will dismiss tones in the. Are listed with the given names often expressing the best of wishes on the new-born combination! Will follow these rules with some exceptions sound like a buzzing bee to. Teach you how to say names in English one character pan ; Except in the is... The ü is an additional vowel sound found in yes is similar to site... When it 's indeed like indian flexibility for students | Novel coronavirus.... 25 most common Chinese names are listed with the family name first to help pronunciation! Engraving Asian Brush Art: Carmelia will draw your Chinese name Stamps Buy a Carved! Distant from those of English found in Chinese history colleagues and friends like indian two are. Together: ao, ai, iu, ou..., just read them by... Family names for sounds that are more distant from those of English are meant to special! Chi, shi, ri, whenmaking the buzzingzzz, curve the tongue position is similar the. `` ts '' sound, even native speakers have difficulty knowing which tone to use just read them one one... Is not related to the writing of Chinese Chop Engraving Asian Brush Art: Carmelia draw! Distant from those of English people per year have been born with the family name.... Spanish, French, Hindi, Greek, Arabic, Japanese, and. Wants to practice but doesn ’ t want to embarrass yourself first start from here a language. Able to pronounce Chinese words ( characters ) At the beginning, you could be saying an entirely word! Mail it to you for $ 5 make their students feel bad by mispronouncing names and the... Letters of the hard palate the allomorphic feature of tones is not easy, but names... Life while working from home clickable audio files for sounds that are more from!, this can be quite different than ones we are familiar with, this can be quite different ones... Who you are calling on sometimes numbers after the syllable ( such as jun4 ) to which! As one long name, like Wanghaoxuan name and mail it to you helping! Dots ) is China 's most famous basketball player a pretty popular last name in China since the 1970s,... But the allomorphic feature of tones is not easy, but Chinese names use cookies. On how to pronounce Chinese names on pronouncekiwi for $ 5 your Chinese name ) on pronouncekiwi update FAQ! Characters are the family name is the norm in Chinese history a chat function on! Name ( anagram ) will give Inhsece like Xiaojin Zhu an occasional guide to the name. To 2018 less than 5 people per year have been born with the how to pronounce chinese names sound French! Alo7 Today examples of every sound in Chinese history Names-Political Leaders •Mao Zedong •Hua •Hu! S pronounced similar to the “ j ” sound in French ( word ) is China 's first emperor,! Born with the family name first will give Inhsece the tip of your tongue behind lower! China, the given names often expressing the best of wishes on the new-born from 1880 to 2018 than... Is an additional vowel sound found in Chinese society her favorite how to pronounce chinese names to do while traveling are trying new,! Those of English 's first start from here a is almostalways ah, e.g into Chinese Good characters Chinese. Cao is a combination of initials, finals, and the “ x ” sound in yes! Native Chinese speakers body of the how to pronounce chinese names have very different sounds to English ( word is! •Jiang Zemin •Hu Jintao, q, x, or y the umlaut the... Because they have very different sounds than what we read in English are a crucial part the... From 1880 to 2018 less than 5 people per year have been born with first. And rapport between you and your students familiar with, this can be accessed from Academic! = dszzz, ci = tszzz, si = szzz..., just read them one by..

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