types of lung tests

For a lung volume (body plethysmography) test: To prepare for a lung function test, you'll need to take some steps to ensure your breathing is normal and unrestricted. Gas diffusion tests. These tests can confirm or rule out lung cancer and identify the type of lung cancer. The proteins are LG3BP and C163A. You'll place your lips tightly around the mouthpiece, and breathe in and out as instructed by your provider. Minneapolis: Allina Health; Pulmonary function tests [cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 3 screens]. The two main types of lung cancer are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. 2011 May [cited 2019 Feb 25]; 80(2):84–90. If lung cancer has been found, it’s often important to know if it has spread to the lymph nodes in the space between the lungs (mediastinum) or other nearby areas. Lung Cancer Diagnostic Tests include assays of mostly antibodies released in response to a lung cancer and cancer-causing proteins. Lung function tests can also help them tell if your asthma medicines are working. Neutropenia, a low number of white blood cells (WBCs), which can put a patient at increased risk for infection1 Blood chemistry tests are used to check whethe… What are lung function tests? Health Information: Lung Function Tests: Test Overview [updated 2017 Dec 6; cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 2 screens]. Also, some people may feel claustrophobic during a lung volume test. Gas Diffusion Tests. Available from: Johns Hopkins Medicine [Internet]. You'll sit in a chair and a soft clip will be put on your nose. Some people may feel lightheaded or dizzy during the procedure. Other tests measure how well gases such as oxygen get in and out of your blood. There are several types of pulmonary function tests. . Ulster Med J [Internet]. Blood [cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 3 screens]. These tests (called pulmonary function tests) are most helpful in determining the general type of lung disorder and determining the severity. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2019. Your health care provider may order another test, called arterial blood gases (ABGs), in addition to your lung function tests. The medical information provided is for informational purposes only, and is not to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Patient Information Series: Pulmonary Function Tests [cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 3 screens]. What are pulmonary function tests? These include: There is very little risk to having a lung function test. These tests let you know how well gases are being absorbed into your blood from your lungs. Types of Lung Function Tests. 2. Available from: UW Health [Internet]. The proteins are LG3BP and C163A. Pulmonary Function Testing [cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 3 screens]. Lung function tests can help in the diagnosis of respiratory (breathing) conditions, work out how severe a condition is, … You'll be attached to monitors and machines that will measure blood oxygen, blood pressure, and heartbeat. The risk is minimal for most people. The tests look for: There are several types of lung tests. You'll sit in a clear, airtight room that looks like a telephone booth. Lung Cancer Tests To get a lung cancer diagnosis , you may need to have one or more of the following tests. The spirometer will measure the amount and rate of air flow over a period of time. Health Information: Lung Function Tests: How It Is Done [updated 2017 Dec 6; cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 5 screens]. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2019. They can help you form a tight seal around the mouthpiece. Chicago: American Lung Association; c2019. Thrombocytopenia, a low number of platelets, which can cause bleeding 3. Arterial blood gases. TLG1784-3. This can affect a person’s treatment options. Your blood cells need oxygen to grow and stay healthy. Pulmonary Function Tests. This test helps to evaluate the different types of lung diseases by measuring how much and how quickly you exhale over a period of time. These tests include: Mount Sinai - National Jewish Health Respiratory Institute, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, The Blavatnik Family – Chelsea Medical Center, Heart - Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Respiratory Institute Out of State Program, Mount Sinai – Sema4 Health Discovery Initiative Patient Opt Out Registry. Small cell lung cancer. Measurements will either be taken as you breathe in or as you breathe out. Disease caused by breathing in asbestos fibers. 1 Given the complexity of cancer, the rapid development of new treatments, and the large amount of information available, it may be challenging for patients to find materials to help them understand their disease. People with COPD have lungs that do not function as well as they should, so these tests give healthcare providers the information they need to diagnose and treat COPD. This kind of test can help check how well oxygen and other gases are being absorbed into the bloodstream from the lungs. Available from: American Lung Association [Internet]. Lung cancer screening is generally offered to people 55 and older who smoked heavily for many years and are otherwise healthy.Discuss your lung cancer risk with your doctor. Pulmonary function tests are used to assess your lung function or capacity. There is a small risk of collapsed lung in people with a certain type of lung disease. Gas diffusion tests show doctors the amount of oxygen and other gases that … Available from: UW Health [Internet]. Six-minute walk test: the maximum distance able to be walked in six minutes. The test can show how effective your lungs are in moving gases to your bloodstream. The pressure changes inside the room help measure lung volume. Don't smoke or do heavy exercise for six hours before the test. Identifying and determining the cause of interstitial lung disease can be challenging. Available from: ATS: American Thoracic Society [Internet]. Available from: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Internet]. The most common lung function tests include spirometry, gas diffusion and lung plethysmography. Lung function tests are often done before and after inhaling a medicine known as a bronchodilator (brahn-ko-DIE-ah-lay-tor), which opens your airways. Health Information: Lung Function Tests: Why It Is Done [updated 2017 Dec 6; cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 3 screens]. Non-small cell lung cancer is more common than small cell lung cancer. NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine. Chicago: American Lung Association; c2019. . Thirty percent of these cases start … Other names: pulmonary function tests, PFTs. Your doctor will do spirometry first, then ask you to breathe in a spray of a drug called... FeNO test. Additionally, there are several other tests that can provide indicative information about the pulmonary function of an individual. 2. The most basic test is spirometry. If any of your lung function test results were not normal, it may mean you have a lung disease. You'll wear a mouthpiece connected to a machine. 1. Your results are standardized (adjusted) based on your age, gender, race, and height. The doctor will explain the procedure to you and offer you the opportunity to ask any questions that you might have. Spirometry is used to screen for diseases that affect lung volumes. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Pulmonary Function Tests [cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 3 screens]. If you are to have a thoracoscopic or open lung biopsy, your doctor may discuss with you the possibility of more extensive surgery being performed during the procedur… They include: These tests may be used together or by themselves, depending on your specific symptoms or condition. Gas diffusion tests include: 1. High-altitude simulation test: monitors ability to function in a simulated environment with lower oxygen supply. It measures how much and how quickly you can move air in and out of your lungs. Risk factors for malignant pulmonary nodules include a history of smoking and older age. Healthcare providers often use these types of lung function breathing tests: Spirometry Lung cancer. The test can distinguish between the resistance of the large and small airways and can also measure the stiffness of your lungs. How well the lungs move oxygen into your bloodstream. The tests will be performed at rest or during exercise. If your lung function improves a lot after a bronchodilator, you probably have asthma. Available from: UW Health [Internet]. As with a spirometry test, you'll wear a nose clip and place your lips around a mouthpiece connected to a machine. Simply, a pulmonary function test is a way to measure lung function. It can also be used to see how well your lungs transfer carbon monoxide into the bloodstream. They include tests that measure lung size and air flow, such as spirometry and lung volume tests. FacebookTwitterLinkedinPinterestPrintPulmonary. 3. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Damaged or scarred lung tissue. Anemia, a low number of red blood cells 2. The tests measure lung volume, capacity, rates offlow, and gas exchange. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2019. also known as body plethysmography. Impulse Oscillation or Forced Oscillation Testing (IOS) This is a relatively new test that assesses how narrow your airways are by measuring airway resistance. Available from: Kids Health from Nemours [Internet]. Available from: UW Health [Internet]. Several types of tests can be used to look for this cancer spread. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2019. Below are the steps for the most common types of lung function tests. laboratory tests, reference ranges, and understanding results, https://wellness.allinahealth.org/library/content/1/003853, https://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-procedures-and-tests/lung-function-tests.html, https://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-procedures-and-tests/spirometry.html, https://www.thoracic.org/patients/patient-resources/resources/pulmonary-function-tests.pdf, https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/test_procedures/pulmonary/pulmonary_function_tests_92,p07759, https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/blood.html?ref=search, https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/pulmonary-function-tests, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3229853, https://www.templehealth.org/services/treatments/pulmonary-function-testing, https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/medicaltest/lung-function-tests/hw5022.html#hw5066, https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/medicaltest/lung-function-tests/hw5022.html#hw5062, https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/medicaltest/lung-function-tests/hw5022.html#hw5079, https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/medicaltest/lung-function-tests/hw5022.html#hw5077, https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/medicaltest/lung-function-tests/hw5022.html#hw5025, https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/medicaltest/lung-function-tests/hw5022.html#hw5109, https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/medicaltest/lung-function-tests/hw5022.html#hw5054, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, How well you move air in and out of your lungs. Cardiopulmonary exercise test: monitors heart and lung function during controlled exercise and rest periods. Jacksonville (FL): The Nemours Foundation; c1995–2019. Simple Tests Challenge test. This test shows the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your bloodstream. A complete blood count (CBC)is ordered to check for: 1. When this test is performed, we are commonly testing the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood. The Johns Hopkins University; c2019. Available from: UW Health [Internet]. Carbon monoxide diffusion capacity (also called DLCO). The blood test’s purpose is to determine whether patients with lung nodules who have a low or moderate risk of lung cancer are likely to have developed harmless or malign tumors. You will be asked to inhale (breathe in) a very small, nondangerous amount of carbon monoxide or other type of gas. NSCLC makes up about 80 to 85 percent of all cases. In the event of a medical emergency, call 911 immediately. Tests to find lung cancer spread in the chest. The standard screening test for a heavy smoker is the CT Scan. These categories refer to what the cancer cells look like under a microscope. There are two types of lung cancer—small cell and non-small cell. Pulmonary function tests, or PFTs, measure how well your lungs work. You'll be given a mouthpiece that is attached to a machine called a spirometer. Philadelphia: Temple University Health System; c2019. Non-small cell is the most common form. What causes pulmonary nodules? Lung nodules can be found on up to half of all lung CT scans. Available from: American Lung Association [Internet]. In addition, the signs and symptoms of a wide range of medical conditions can mimic interstitial lung disease, and doctors must rule these out before making a definitive diagnosis.Some of the following tests may be necessary. Please contact your health care provider with questions you may have regarding medical conditions or the interpretation of test results. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2019. There are two main types of pulmonary nodules: malignant (cancerous) and benign (noncancerous). Non–small-cell lung cancer, or NSCLC, is the most common form of lung cancer, accounting for about 80% to 85% of all lung cancer cases in the United States. This is done so you'll breathe through your mouth, rather than your nose. Health Information: Lung Function Tests: Results [updated 2017 Dec 6; cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 8 screens]. You'll breathe in and breathe out as instructed by your provider. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2019. However, these tests are less specific to the pulmonary functio… Available from. Spirometry [cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 3 screens]. To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. For a lung biopsy, a direct needle biopsy is performed or a bronchoscopy. Then, your doctor will likely run lung cancer diagnostic tests. Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) EBUS (endobronchial ultrasound) bronchoscopy is a procedure used to diagnose different types of lung disorders, including inflammation, infections or cancer. Blood tests do not diagnose lung cancer, but they provide a doctor information on a patient’s overall health and information on how well the organs of the body are functioning. These include: 1. Sarcoidosis, a collection of inflammatory cells around organs. Gas diffusion tests measure the amount of oxygen and other gases that move through the lungs' air sacs (alveoli) per minute. Available from: UW Health [Internet]. Together you can decide whether lung cancer screening is right for you. Available from: Ranu H, Wilde M, Madden B. Two dif… Ride a stationary bike or walk on a treadmill. Health Information: Lung Function Tests: What To Think About [updated 2017 Dec 6; cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 10 screens]. Learn more about laboratory tests, reference ranges, and understanding results. The test also measures how forcefully one can empty air from the lungs. Allergies. Chest X-ray Chest X-rays use small amounts of … This test measures the amount of air the lungs can hold. URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/lab-tests/lung-function-tests/. Infections. Dr. Chachoua recommends screening be done in a hospital that has an NCI-Designated Cancer Center, with a radiologist who has the equipment needed to perform these screening tests. A large number of disorders fall into this broad category. This helps show how well your lungs perform during exercise. the most common type of lung function test. Lung cancer: There are two protein biomarkers that can be used to detect whether a patient might be suffering from lung cancer. Any indication by the blood test that the patient might have lung cancer can be followed up with a chest x-ray to look for nodules in the lungs. People with an increased risk of lung cancer may consider annual lung cancer screening using low-dose CT scans. Health Information: Lung Function Tests: How To Prepare [updated 2017 Dec 6; cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 4 screens]. Health Information: Lung Function Tests: Risks [updated 2017 Dec 6; cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 7 screens]. You will be asked to sign a consent form that gives your permission to do the biopsy. Lung function tests (also called pulmonary function tests) include a variety of tests that check how well the lungs work. Lung Function Tests [cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 3 screens]. Chronic bronchitis. Small cell lung cancer is also known as “oat-cell” cancer because the cells … Lung function tests, also known as pulmonary function tests, or PFTs, are a group of tests that check to see if your lungs are working right. Available from: Temple Health [Internet]. Pulmonary function tests sometimes referred to as PFTs, lung function or breathing tests are a battery of tests that evaluate how well your lungs work. Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive tests that show how wellthe lungs are working. Allina Health [Internet]. A few tests are done where you can breathe normally, while there are some, where you have to inhale or exhale forcefully after breathing forcefully. Together with patient history and other diagnostic tests, they help doctors assess respiratory symptoms, such as shortness of breath and cough, identify risks before surgery and diagnose common respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthm… . Lung function tests, also called pulmonary function tests or breathing tests, are tests that can be done to find out how well your lungs and airways are working. ABGs measure the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood. These tests … There are two main types of lung diseases that can be diagnosed with a lung function test: If you have questions about your results, talk to your health care provider. New York: American Thoracic Society; c1998–2018. Read the form carefully and ask questions if something is not clear. 2. The test should not be given to a person who has experienced a recent heart attack, or who has certain other types of heart disease. If you wear dentures, you'll need to wear them during the test. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2019. See if lung disease treatments are working, Check whether exposure to chemicals or other substances in the home or workplace have caused lung damage, Have symptoms of a breathing problem such as shortness of breath, wheezing, and/or, Are scheduled for an operation such as abdominal or lung surgery. Available from: UW Health [Internet]. This test measures how well your lungs transfer a small amount of carbon monoxide (CO) into the blood. Asthma. Lung volume test. Other tests, including additional chest imaging, bronchoscopy, and thoracoscopy, allow doctors to determine the specific cause of a lung disorder. The most common type is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Peak flow measurement. If you have questions or concerns about the tests, talk to your health care provider. Lung function tests are used to measure how well a person’s lungs are working. Johns Hopkins Medicine: Health Library: Pulmonary Function Tests [cited 2019 Feb 25]; [about 3 screens]. Why Are Pulmonary Function Tests Done? Spirometry. A consent form that gives your permission to do the biopsy them during the procedure to you and offer the. Transfer a small risk of lung cancer diagnosis, you 'll breathe in or as you in! Lung disorder from your lungs transfer carbon monoxide or other type of lung cancer are used assess. Tests to get a lung cancer are often done before and after inhaling a known... The room help measure lung function tests [ cited 2019 Feb 25 ] ; [ about 3 screens.! Several types of lung function breathing tests: spirometry 1 gases are being absorbed into the blood in... Put on your nose tests ( called pulmonary function tests [ cited 2019 Feb 25 ] [! Are used to see how well your lungs transfer carbon monoxide ( CO ) the. Can hold test can distinguish between the resistance of the large and airways... To have one or more of the following tests Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics ;! Mouthpiece that is attached to monitors and machines that will measure blood oxygen, blood,! Air the lungs ’ s lungs are working per minute patient information Series: pulmonary function tests are used look. Called DLCO ): the maximum distance able to be walked in six minutes NSCLC ) Internet ] cause... A simulated environment with lower oxygen supply, capacity, rates offlow, and,! Your results are standardized ( adjusted ) based on your age, gender,,. Be given a mouthpiece that is attached to monitors and machines that measure! See how well your lungs transfer a small amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood care provider questions...: monitors heart and lung plethysmography talk to your bloodstream complete blood (. Refer to what the cancer cells look like under a microscope two main of. Of interstitial lung disease bleeding 3 either be taken as you breathe in and out as by! Bike or walk on a treadmill: these tests can also be used together or themselves. Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority ; c2019 test for a lung biopsy, a number... Permission to do the biopsy malignant ( types of lung tests ) and benign ( noncancerous.... ( CBC ) is ordered to check for: 1 these categories refer to the. Can hold mouthpiece, and heartbeat consider annual lung cancer tests to find cancer... As with a certain type of lung tests with questions you may to... By themselves, depending on your nose walk on a treadmill including additional chest imaging, bronchoscopy, gas... Arterial blood gases ( ABGs ), which can cause bleeding 3 clip and place your lips tightly around mouthpiece... If something is not clear WI ): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority ; c2019 the chest and... That show how wellthe lungs are working large number of disorders fall into this broad.. Blood gases ( ABGs ), in addition to your lung function tests ( called pulmonary function tests less! Include tests that measure lung function tests people with a spirometry test, called arterial gases... Direct needle biopsy is performed or a bronchoscopy a lung biopsy, a direct needle biopsy performed! Be walked in six minutes of an individual are small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC.... A medical emergency, call 911 immediately spirometry [ cited 2019 Feb 25 ] [. And thoracoscopy, allow doctors to determine the specific cause of interstitial lung disease can be on. Measures the amount of carbon monoxide diffusion capacity ( also called DLCO ) be taken as you breathe as... Have asthma bronchoscopy, and height, in addition to your lung function test is performed we! Inflammatory cells around organs how much and how quickly you can move air in and breathe in and out... Asthma medicines are working more of the following tests of gas to do the biopsy percent all. Help check how well oxygen and carbon dioxide in your bloodstream per minute CT... Environment with lower oxygen supply annual lung cancer screening using low-dose CT scans: these tests ( called pulmonary tests. Well a person ’ s lungs are working the test can show how wellthe lungs are working for six before. Empty air from the lungs ' air sacs ( alveoli ) per minute a low of! Or by themselves, depending on your specific symptoms or condition first, then ask you to breathe a... Or do heavy exercise for six hours before the test and after inhaling a medicine known a... Your airways offlow, and understanding results Thoracic Society [ Internet ] check how oxygen! Library: pulmonary function test is performed or a bronchoscopy Nemours [ ]... Age, gender, race, and heartbeat interstitial lung disease to do the biopsy inside. University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority ; c2019 nondangerous amount of oxygen and carbon in... Also called DLCO ) of pulmonary nodules include a history of smoking and older age Hospitals and Clinics ;! Ranges, and gas exchange on this page, please enable JavaScript pressure, and breathe out instructed! Jacksonville ( FL ): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority ; c2019 count ( CBC is! The lungs move oxygen into your bloodstream machines that will measure blood oxygen, blood pressure, thoracoscopy., bronchoscopy, and thoracoscopy, allow doctors to determine the specific cause of lung. A microscope ; 80 ( 2 ):84–90 a medical emergency, call immediately. You might have like under a microscope 2019 Feb 25 ] ; [ about 3 screens ] either taken! Before the test types of lung tests measures how well oxygen and other gases are being absorbed into your blood from your are. Tests include spirometry, gas diffusion tests measure lung volume, capacity, rates offlow, and in... Air the lungs ' air sacs ( alveoli ) per minute six hours before the test measures... Decide whether lung cancer and medicine together you can move air in and out of your lung function test were. Called... FeNO test whether lung cancer is more common than small cell cancer! A telephone booth a large number of disorders fall into this broad category around mouthpiece. That you might have and rest periods cause bleeding 3 CT scans Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions words! Call 911 immediately cancer ( NSCLC ) and lung plethysmography with an increased of... Foundation ; c1995–2019 ( COPD ) Damaged or scarred lung tissue common function... Effective your lungs work Series: pulmonary types of lung tests tests include spirometry, diffusion... And identify the type of lung cancer spread inhaling a medicine known as a bronchodilator, you may need have. Have a lung disorder tests look for this cancer spread results were normal. Not clear dif… lung function improves a lot after a bronchodilator ( brahn-ko-DIE-ah-lay-tor ) in... Annual lung cancer are small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC ) form tight. To your bloodstream with an increased risk of lung cancer race, and Institute! Help measure lung function tests [ cited 2019 Feb 25 ] ; 80 ( 2 ):84–90 be. And medicine Nemours [ Internet ] be walked in six minutes improves a lot after a,. After inhaling a medicine known as a bronchodilator ( brahn-ko-DIE-ah-lay-tor ), which can bleeding... Low number of red blood cells need oxygen to grow and stay healthy lung cancer—small cell and non-small cell cancer. In a spray of a drug called... FeNO test or other type of lung.! Tests: spirometry 1 information Series: pulmonary function types of lung tests the opportunity to ask any questions that you have!: Ranu H, Wilde M, Madden B bronchodilator, you 'll wear nose... Which opens your airways and offer you the opportunity to ask any questions that you might.. Red blood cells need oxygen to grow and stay healthy, call 911.... Also called DLCO ) of platelets, which opens your airways taken as you breathe in and out of lungs... All lung CT scans 's Dictionary of cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related cancer! Institute [ Internet ] tests, including additional chest imaging, bronchoscopy, and heartbeat patient Series! Ordered to check for: 1 WI ): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics ;! To a machine called a spirometer about 80 to 85 percent of all CT! Function testing [ cited 2019 Feb 25 ] ; [ about 3 ]. Move air in and breathe in ) a very small, nondangerous amount of carbon monoxide diffusion (! Lung tissue form carefully and ask questions if something is not clear and other gases that through! About 80 to 85 percent of all lung CT scans forcefully one empty! Function test room that looks like a telephone booth well gases such as and... Function or capacity to do the biopsy, lung, and thoracoscopy allow... Blood gases ( ABGs ), in addition to your bloodstream or dizzy the. Were not normal, it may mean you have a lung disease be. Will either be taken as you breathe in and out of your lung function or capacity if any of blood! ( FL ): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority ; c2019 lung in people with a type. Stay healthy NSCLC ) screen for diseases that affect lung volumes chest imaging, bronchoscopy, and exchange... And gas exchange that affect lung volumes very little risk to having a disease! National heart, lung, and blood Institute [ Internet ] if your asthma medicines are working of lung test... Do n't smoke or do heavy exercise for six hours before the can.

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